Source file src/debug/gosym/pclntab_test.go

     1  // Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  package gosym
     6  
     7  import (
     8  	"bytes"
     9  	"compress/gzip"
    10  	"debug/elf"
    11  	"internal/testenv"
    12  	"io"
    13  	"os"
    14  	"os/exec"
    15  	"path/filepath"
    16  	"runtime"
    17  	"strings"
    18  	"testing"
    19  )
    20  
    21  var (
    22  	pclineTempDir    string
    23  	pclinetestBinary string
    24  )
    25  
    26  func dotest(t *testing.T) {
    27  	testenv.MustHaveGoBuild(t)
    28  	// For now, only works on amd64 platforms.
    29  	if runtime.GOARCH != "amd64" {
    30  		t.Skipf("skipping on non-AMD64 system %s", runtime.GOARCH)
    31  	}
    32  	// This test builds a Linux/AMD64 binary. Skipping in short mode if cross compiling.
    33  	if runtime.GOOS != "linux" && testing.Short() {
    34  		t.Skipf("skipping in short mode on non-Linux system %s", runtime.GOARCH)
    35  	}
    36  	var err error
    37  	pclineTempDir, err = os.MkdirTemp("", "pclinetest")
    38  	if err != nil {
    39  		t.Fatal(err)
    40  	}
    41  	pclinetestBinary = filepath.Join(pclineTempDir, "pclinetest")
    42  	cmd := exec.Command(testenv.GoToolPath(t), "build", "-o", pclinetestBinary)
    43  	cmd.Dir = "testdata"
    44  	cmd.Env = append(os.Environ(), "GOOS=linux")
    45  	cmd.Stdout = os.Stdout
    46  	cmd.Stderr = os.Stderr
    47  	if err := cmd.Run(); err != nil {
    48  		t.Fatal(err)
    49  	}
    50  }
    51  
    52  func endtest() {
    53  	if pclineTempDir != "" {
    54  		os.RemoveAll(pclineTempDir)
    55  		pclineTempDir = ""
    56  		pclinetestBinary = ""
    57  	}
    58  }
    59  
    60  // skipIfNotELF skips the test if we are not running on an ELF system.
    61  // These tests open and examine the test binary, and use elf.Open to do so.
    62  func skipIfNotELF(t *testing.T) {
    63  	switch runtime.GOOS {
    64  	case "dragonfly", "freebsd", "linux", "netbsd", "openbsd", "solaris", "illumos":
    65  		// OK.
    66  	default:
    67  		t.Skipf("skipping on non-ELF system %s", runtime.GOOS)
    68  	}
    69  }
    70  
    71  func getTable(t *testing.T) *Table {
    72  	f, tab := crack(os.Args[0], t)
    73  	f.Close()
    74  	return tab
    75  }
    76  
    77  func crack(file string, t *testing.T) (*elf.File, *Table) {
    78  	// Open self
    79  	f, err := elf.Open(file)
    80  	if err != nil {
    81  		t.Fatal(err)
    82  	}
    83  	return parse(file, f, t)
    84  }
    85  
    86  func parse(file string, f *elf.File, t *testing.T) (*elf.File, *Table) {
    87  	s := f.Section(".gosymtab")
    88  	if s == nil {
    89  		t.Skip("no .gosymtab section")
    90  	}
    91  	symdat, err := s.Data()
    92  	if err != nil {
    93  		f.Close()
    94  		t.Fatalf("reading %s gosymtab: %v", file, err)
    95  	}
    96  	pclndat, err := f.Section(".gopclntab").Data()
    97  	if err != nil {
    98  		f.Close()
    99  		t.Fatalf("reading %s gopclntab: %v", file, err)
   100  	}
   101  
   102  	pcln := NewLineTable(pclndat, f.Section(".text").Addr)
   103  	tab, err := NewTable(symdat, pcln)
   104  	if err != nil {
   105  		f.Close()
   106  		t.Fatalf("parsing %s gosymtab: %v", file, err)
   107  	}
   108  
   109  	return f, tab
   110  }
   111  
   112  func TestLineFromAline(t *testing.T) {
   113  	skipIfNotELF(t)
   114  
   115  	tab := getTable(t)
   116  	if tab.go12line != nil {
   117  		// aline's don't exist in the Go 1.2 table.
   118  		t.Skip("not relevant to Go 1.2 symbol table")
   119  	}
   120  
   121  	// Find the sym package
   122  	pkg := tab.LookupFunc("debug/gosym.TestLineFromAline").Obj
   123  	if pkg == nil {
   124  		t.Fatalf("nil pkg")
   125  	}
   126  
   127  	// Walk every absolute line and ensure that we hit every
   128  	// source line monotonically
   129  	lastline := make(map[string]int)
   130  	final := -1
   131  	for i := 0; i < 10000; i++ {
   132  		path, line := pkg.lineFromAline(i)
   133  		// Check for end of object
   134  		if path == "" {
   135  			if final == -1 {
   136  				final = i - 1
   137  			}
   138  			continue
   139  		} else if final != -1 {
   140  			t.Fatalf("reached end of package at absolute line %d, but absolute line %d mapped to %s:%d", final, i, path, line)
   141  		}
   142  		// It's okay to see files multiple times (e.g., sys.a)
   143  		if line == 1 {
   144  			lastline[path] = 1
   145  			continue
   146  		}
   147  		// Check that the is the next line in path
   148  		ll, ok := lastline[path]
   149  		if !ok {
   150  			t.Errorf("file %s starts on line %d", path, line)
   151  		} else if line != ll+1 {
   152  			t.Fatalf("expected next line of file %s to be %d, got %d", path, ll+1, line)
   153  		}
   154  		lastline[path] = line
   155  	}
   156  	if final == -1 {
   157  		t.Errorf("never reached end of object")
   158  	}
   159  }
   160  
   161  func TestLineAline(t *testing.T) {
   162  	skipIfNotELF(t)
   163  
   164  	tab := getTable(t)
   165  	if tab.go12line != nil {
   166  		// aline's don't exist in the Go 1.2 table.
   167  		t.Skip("not relevant to Go 1.2 symbol table")
   168  	}
   169  
   170  	for _, o := range tab.Files {
   171  		// A source file can appear multiple times in a
   172  		// object.  alineFromLine will always return alines in
   173  		// the first file, so track which lines we've seen.
   174  		found := make(map[string]int)
   175  		for i := 0; i < 1000; i++ {
   176  			path, line := o.lineFromAline(i)
   177  			if path == "" {
   178  				break
   179  			}
   180  
   181  			// cgo files are full of 'Z' symbols, which we don't handle
   182  			if len(path) > 4 && path[len(path)-4:] == ".cgo" {
   183  				continue
   184  			}
   185  
   186  			if minline, ok := found[path]; path != "" && ok {
   187  				if minline >= line {
   188  					// We've already covered this file
   189  					continue
   190  				}
   191  			}
   192  			found[path] = line
   193  
   194  			a, err := o.alineFromLine(path, line)
   195  			if err != nil {
   196  				t.Errorf("absolute line %d in object %s maps to %s:%d, but mapping that back gives error %s", i, o.Paths[0].Name, path, line, err)
   197  			} else if a != i {
   198  				t.Errorf("absolute line %d in object %s maps to %s:%d, which maps back to absolute line %d\n", i, o.Paths[0].Name, path, line, a)
   199  			}
   200  		}
   201  	}
   202  }
   203  
   204  func TestPCLine(t *testing.T) {
   205  	dotest(t)
   206  	defer endtest()
   207  
   208  	f, tab := crack(pclinetestBinary, t)
   209  	defer f.Close()
   210  	text := f.Section(".text")
   211  	textdat, err := text.Data()
   212  	if err != nil {
   213  		t.Fatalf("reading .text: %v", err)
   214  	}
   215  
   216  	// Test PCToLine
   217  	sym := tab.LookupFunc("main.linefrompc")
   218  	wantLine := 0
   219  	for pc := sym.Entry; pc < sym.End; pc++ {
   220  		off := pc - text.Addr // TODO(rsc): should not need off; bug in 8g
   221  		if textdat[off] == 255 {
   222  			break
   223  		}
   224  		wantLine += int(textdat[off])
   225  		t.Logf("off is %d %#x (max %d)", off, textdat[off], sym.End-pc)
   226  		file, line, fn := tab.PCToLine(pc)
   227  		if fn == nil {
   228  			t.Errorf("failed to get line of PC %#x", pc)
   229  		} else if !strings.HasSuffix(file, "pclinetest.s") || line != wantLine || fn != sym {
   230  			t.Errorf("PCToLine(%#x) = %s:%d (%s), want %s:%d (%s)", pc, file, line, fn.Name, "pclinetest.s", wantLine, sym.Name)
   231  		}
   232  	}
   233  
   234  	// Test LineToPC
   235  	sym = tab.LookupFunc("main.pcfromline")
   236  	lookupline := -1
   237  	wantLine = 0
   238  	off := uint64(0) // TODO(rsc): should not need off; bug in 8g
   239  	for pc := sym.Value; pc < sym.End; pc += 2 + uint64(textdat[off]) {
   240  		file, line, fn := tab.PCToLine(pc)
   241  		off = pc - text.Addr
   242  		if textdat[off] == 255 {
   243  			break
   244  		}
   245  		wantLine += int(textdat[off])
   246  		if line != wantLine {
   247  			t.Errorf("expected line %d at PC %#x in pcfromline, got %d", wantLine, pc, line)
   248  			off = pc + 1 - text.Addr
   249  			continue
   250  		}
   251  		if lookupline == -1 {
   252  			lookupline = line
   253  		}
   254  		for ; lookupline <= line; lookupline++ {
   255  			pc2, fn2, err := tab.LineToPC(file, lookupline)
   256  			if lookupline != line {
   257  				// Should be nothing on this line
   258  				if err == nil {
   259  					t.Errorf("expected no PC at line %d, got %#x (%s)", lookupline, pc2, fn2.Name)
   260  				}
   261  			} else if err != nil {
   262  				t.Errorf("failed to get PC of line %d: %s", lookupline, err)
   263  			} else if pc != pc2 {
   264  				t.Errorf("expected PC %#x (%s) at line %d, got PC %#x (%s)", pc, fn.Name, line, pc2, fn2.Name)
   265  			}
   266  		}
   267  		off = pc + 1 - text.Addr
   268  	}
   269  }
   270  
   271  // read115Executable returns a hello world executable compiled by Go 1.15.
   272  //
   273  // The file was compiled in /tmp/hello.go:
   274  //
   275  //	package main
   276  //
   277  //	func main() {
   278  //		println("hello")
   279  //	}
   280  func read115Executable(tb testing.TB) []byte {
   281  	zippedDat, err := os.ReadFile("testdata/pcln115.gz")
   282  	if err != nil {
   283  		tb.Fatal(err)
   284  	}
   285  	var gzReader *gzip.Reader
   286  	gzReader, err = gzip.NewReader(bytes.NewBuffer(zippedDat))
   287  	if err != nil {
   288  		tb.Fatal(err)
   289  	}
   290  	var dat []byte
   291  	dat, err = io.ReadAll(gzReader)
   292  	if err != nil {
   293  		tb.Fatal(err)
   294  	}
   295  	return dat
   296  }
   297  
   298  // Test that we can parse a pclntab from 1.15.
   299  func Test115PclnParsing(t *testing.T) {
   300  	dat := read115Executable(t)
   301  	const textStart = 0x1001000
   302  	pcln := NewLineTable(dat, textStart)
   303  	tab, err := NewTable(nil, pcln)
   304  	if err != nil {
   305  		t.Fatal(err)
   306  	}
   307  	var f *Func
   308  	var pc uint64
   309  	pc, f, err = tab.LineToPC("/tmp/hello.go", 3)
   310  	if err != nil {
   311  		t.Fatal(err)
   312  	}
   313  	if pcln.version != ver12 {
   314  		t.Fatal("Expected pcln to parse as an older version")
   315  	}
   316  	if pc != 0x105c280 {
   317  		t.Fatalf("expect pc = 0x105c280, got 0x%x", pc)
   318  	}
   319  	if f.Name != "main.main" {
   320  		t.Fatalf("expected to parse name as main.main, got %v", f.Name)
   321  	}
   322  }
   323  
   324  var (
   325  	sinkLineTable *LineTable
   326  	sinkTable     *Table
   327  )
   328  
   329  func Benchmark115(b *testing.B) {
   330  	dat := read115Executable(b)
   331  	const textStart = 0x1001000
   332  
   333  	b.Run("NewLineTable", func(b *testing.B) {
   334  		b.ReportAllocs()
   335  		for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
   336  			sinkLineTable = NewLineTable(dat, textStart)
   337  		}
   338  	})
   339  
   340  	pcln := NewLineTable(dat, textStart)
   341  	b.Run("NewTable", func(b *testing.B) {
   342  		b.ReportAllocs()
   343  		for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
   344  			var err error
   345  			sinkTable, err = NewTable(nil, pcln)
   346  			if err != nil {
   347  				b.Fatal(err)
   348  			}
   349  		}
   350  	})
   351  
   352  	tab, err := NewTable(nil, pcln)
   353  	if err != nil {
   354  		b.Fatal(err)
   355  	}
   356  
   357  	b.Run("LineToPC", func(b *testing.B) {
   358  		b.ReportAllocs()
   359  		for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
   360  			var f *Func
   361  			var pc uint64
   362  			pc, f, err = tab.LineToPC("/tmp/hello.go", 3)
   363  			if err != nil {
   364  				b.Fatal(err)
   365  			}
   366  			if pcln.version != ver12 {
   367  				b.Fatalf("want version=%d, got %d", ver12, pcln.version)
   368  			}
   369  			if pc != 0x105c280 {
   370  				b.Fatalf("want pc=0x105c280, got 0x%x", pc)
   371  			}
   372  			if f.Name != "main.main" {
   373  				b.Fatalf("want name=main.main, got %q", f.Name)
   374  			}
   375  		}
   376  	})
   377  
   378  	b.Run("PCToLine", func(b *testing.B) {
   379  		b.ReportAllocs()
   380  		for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
   381  			file, line, fn := tab.PCToLine(0x105c280)
   382  			if file != "/tmp/hello.go" {
   383  				b.Fatalf("want name=/tmp/hello.go, got %q", file)
   384  			}
   385  			if line != 3 {
   386  				b.Fatalf("want line=3, got %d", line)
   387  			}
   388  			if fn.Name != "main.main" {
   389  				b.Fatalf("want name=main.main, got %q", fn.Name)
   390  			}
   391  		}
   392  	})
   393  }
   394  

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