Source file src/go/ast/filter.go

     1  // Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  package ast
     6  
     7  import (
     8  	"go/token"
     9  	"sort"
    10  )
    11  
    12  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    13  // Export filtering
    14  
    15  // exportFilter is a special filter function to extract exported nodes.
    16  func exportFilter(name string) bool {
    17  	return IsExported(name)
    18  }
    19  
    20  // FileExports trims the AST for a Go source file in place such that
    21  // only exported nodes remain: all top-level identifiers which are not exported
    22  // and their associated information (such as type, initial value, or function
    23  // body) are removed. Non-exported fields and methods of exported types are
    24  // stripped. The File.Comments list is not changed.
    25  //
    26  // FileExports reports whether there are exported declarations.
    27  func FileExports(src *File) bool {
    28  	return filterFile(src, exportFilter, true)
    29  }
    30  
    31  // PackageExports trims the AST for a Go package in place such that
    32  // only exported nodes remain. The pkg.Files list is not changed, so that
    33  // file names and top-level package comments don't get lost.
    34  //
    35  // PackageExports reports whether there are exported declarations;
    36  // it returns false otherwise.
    37  func PackageExports(pkg *Package) bool {
    38  	return filterPackage(pkg, exportFilter, true)
    39  }
    40  
    41  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    42  // General filtering
    43  
    44  type Filter func(string) bool
    45  
    46  func filterIdentList(list []*Ident, f Filter) []*Ident {
    47  	j := 0
    48  	for _, x := range list {
    49  		if f(x.Name) {
    50  			list[j] = x
    51  			j++
    52  		}
    53  	}
    54  	return list[0:j]
    55  }
    56  
    57  // fieldName assumes that x is the type of an anonymous field and
    58  // returns the corresponding field name. If x is not an acceptable
    59  // anonymous field, the result is nil.
    60  func fieldName(x Expr) *Ident {
    61  	switch t := x.(type) {
    62  	case *Ident:
    63  		return t
    64  	case *SelectorExpr:
    65  		if _, ok := t.X.(*Ident); ok {
    66  			return t.Sel
    67  		}
    68  	case *StarExpr:
    69  		return fieldName(t.X)
    70  	}
    71  	return nil
    72  }
    73  
    74  func filterFieldList(fields *FieldList, filter Filter, export bool) (removedFields bool) {
    75  	if fields == nil {
    76  		return false
    77  	}
    78  	list := fields.List
    79  	j := 0
    80  	for _, f := range list {
    81  		keepField := false
    82  		if len(f.Names) == 0 {
    83  			// anonymous field
    84  			name := fieldName(f.Type)
    85  			keepField = name != nil && filter(name.Name)
    86  		} else {
    87  			n := len(f.Names)
    88  			f.Names = filterIdentList(f.Names, filter)
    89  			if len(f.Names) < n {
    90  				removedFields = true
    91  			}
    92  			keepField = len(f.Names) > 0
    93  		}
    94  		if keepField {
    95  			if export {
    96  				filterType(f.Type, filter, export)
    97  			}
    98  			list[j] = f
    99  			j++
   100  		}
   101  	}
   102  	if j < len(list) {
   103  		removedFields = true
   104  	}
   105  	fields.List = list[0:j]
   106  	return
   107  }
   108  
   109  func filterCompositeLit(lit *CompositeLit, filter Filter, export bool) {
   110  	n := len(lit.Elts)
   111  	lit.Elts = filterExprList(lit.Elts, filter, export)
   112  	if len(lit.Elts) < n {
   113  		lit.Incomplete = true
   114  	}
   115  }
   116  
   117  func filterExprList(list []Expr, filter Filter, export bool) []Expr {
   118  	j := 0
   119  	for _, exp := range list {
   120  		switch x := exp.(type) {
   121  		case *CompositeLit:
   122  			filterCompositeLit(x, filter, export)
   123  		case *KeyValueExpr:
   124  			if x, ok := x.Key.(*Ident); ok && !filter(x.Name) {
   125  				continue
   126  			}
   127  			if x, ok := x.Value.(*CompositeLit); ok {
   128  				filterCompositeLit(x, filter, export)
   129  			}
   130  		}
   131  		list[j] = exp
   132  		j++
   133  	}
   134  	return list[0:j]
   135  }
   136  
   137  func filterParamList(fields *FieldList, filter Filter, export bool) bool {
   138  	if fields == nil {
   139  		return false
   140  	}
   141  	var b bool
   142  	for _, f := range fields.List {
   143  		if filterType(f.Type, filter, export) {
   144  			b = true
   145  		}
   146  	}
   147  	return b
   148  }
   149  
   150  func filterType(typ Expr, f Filter, export bool) bool {
   151  	switch t := typ.(type) {
   152  	case *Ident:
   153  		return f(t.Name)
   154  	case *ParenExpr:
   155  		return filterType(t.X, f, export)
   156  	case *ArrayType:
   157  		return filterType(t.Elt, f, export)
   158  	case *StructType:
   159  		if filterFieldList(t.Fields, f, export) {
   160  			t.Incomplete = true
   161  		}
   162  		return len(t.Fields.List) > 0
   163  	case *FuncType:
   164  		b1 := filterParamList(t.Params, f, export)
   165  		b2 := filterParamList(t.Results, f, export)
   166  		return b1 || b2
   167  	case *InterfaceType:
   168  		if filterFieldList(t.Methods, f, export) {
   169  			t.Incomplete = true
   170  		}
   171  		return len(t.Methods.List) > 0
   172  	case *MapType:
   173  		b1 := filterType(t.Key, f, export)
   174  		b2 := filterType(t.Value, f, export)
   175  		return b1 || b2
   176  	case *ChanType:
   177  		return filterType(t.Value, f, export)
   178  	}
   179  	return false
   180  }
   181  
   182  func filterSpec(spec Spec, f Filter, export bool) bool {
   183  	switch s := spec.(type) {
   184  	case *ValueSpec:
   185  		s.Names = filterIdentList(s.Names, f)
   186  		s.Values = filterExprList(s.Values, f, export)
   187  		if len(s.Names) > 0 {
   188  			if export {
   189  				filterType(s.Type, f, export)
   190  			}
   191  			return true
   192  		}
   193  	case *TypeSpec:
   194  		if f(s.Name.Name) {
   195  			if export {
   196  				filterType(s.Type, f, export)
   197  			}
   198  			return true
   199  		}
   200  		if !export {
   201  			// For general filtering (not just exports),
   202  			// filter type even if name is not filtered
   203  			// out.
   204  			// If the type contains filtered elements,
   205  			// keep the declaration.
   206  			return filterType(s.Type, f, export)
   207  		}
   208  	}
   209  	return false
   210  }
   211  
   212  func filterSpecList(list []Spec, f Filter, export bool) []Spec {
   213  	j := 0
   214  	for _, s := range list {
   215  		if filterSpec(s, f, export) {
   216  			list[j] = s
   217  			j++
   218  		}
   219  	}
   220  	return list[0:j]
   221  }
   222  
   223  // FilterDecl trims the AST for a Go declaration in place by removing
   224  // all names (including struct field and interface method names, but
   225  // not from parameter lists) that don't pass through the filter f.
   226  //
   227  // FilterDecl reports whether there are any declared names left after
   228  // filtering.
   229  func FilterDecl(decl Decl, f Filter) bool {
   230  	return filterDecl(decl, f, false)
   231  }
   232  
   233  func filterDecl(decl Decl, f Filter, export bool) bool {
   234  	switch d := decl.(type) {
   235  	case *GenDecl:
   236  		d.Specs = filterSpecList(d.Specs, f, export)
   237  		return len(d.Specs) > 0
   238  	case *FuncDecl:
   239  		return f(d.Name.Name)
   240  	}
   241  	return false
   242  }
   243  
   244  // FilterFile trims the AST for a Go file in place by removing all
   245  // names from top-level declarations (including struct field and
   246  // interface method names, but not from parameter lists) that don't
   247  // pass through the filter f. If the declaration is empty afterwards,
   248  // the declaration is removed from the AST. Import declarations are
   249  // always removed. The File.Comments list is not changed.
   250  //
   251  // FilterFile reports whether there are any top-level declarations
   252  // left after filtering.
   253  func FilterFile(src *File, f Filter) bool {
   254  	return filterFile(src, f, false)
   255  }
   256  
   257  func filterFile(src *File, f Filter, export bool) bool {
   258  	j := 0
   259  	for _, d := range src.Decls {
   260  		if filterDecl(d, f, export) {
   261  			src.Decls[j] = d
   262  			j++
   263  		}
   264  	}
   265  	src.Decls = src.Decls[0:j]
   266  	return j > 0
   267  }
   268  
   269  // FilterPackage trims the AST for a Go package in place by removing
   270  // all names from top-level declarations (including struct field and
   271  // interface method names, but not from parameter lists) that don't
   272  // pass through the filter f. If the declaration is empty afterwards,
   273  // the declaration is removed from the AST. The pkg.Files list is not
   274  // changed, so that file names and top-level package comments don't get
   275  // lost.
   276  //
   277  // FilterPackage reports whether there are any top-level declarations
   278  // left after filtering.
   279  func FilterPackage(pkg *Package, f Filter) bool {
   280  	return filterPackage(pkg, f, false)
   281  }
   282  
   283  func filterPackage(pkg *Package, f Filter, export bool) bool {
   284  	hasDecls := false
   285  	for _, src := range pkg.Files {
   286  		if filterFile(src, f, export) {
   287  			hasDecls = true
   288  		}
   289  	}
   290  	return hasDecls
   291  }
   292  
   293  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   294  // Merging of package files
   295  
   296  // The MergeMode flags control the behavior of MergePackageFiles.
   297  type MergeMode uint
   298  
   299  const (
   300  	// If set, duplicate function declarations are excluded.
   301  	FilterFuncDuplicates MergeMode = 1 << iota
   302  	// If set, comments that are not associated with a specific
   303  	// AST node (as Doc or Comment) are excluded.
   304  	FilterUnassociatedComments
   305  	// If set, duplicate import declarations are excluded.
   306  	FilterImportDuplicates
   307  )
   308  
   309  // nameOf returns the function (foo) or method name (foo.bar) for
   310  // the given function declaration. If the AST is incorrect for the
   311  // receiver, it assumes a function instead.
   312  func nameOf(f *FuncDecl) string {
   313  	if r := f.Recv; r != nil && len(r.List) == 1 {
   314  		// looks like a correct receiver declaration
   315  		t := r.List[0].Type
   316  		// dereference pointer receiver types
   317  		if p, _ := t.(*StarExpr); p != nil {
   318  			t = p.X
   319  		}
   320  		// the receiver type must be a type name
   321  		if p, _ := t.(*Ident); p != nil {
   322  			return p.Name + "." + f.Name.Name
   323  		}
   324  		// otherwise assume a function instead
   325  	}
   326  	return f.Name.Name
   327  }
   328  
   329  // separator is an empty //-style comment that is interspersed between
   330  // different comment groups when they are concatenated into a single group
   331  var separator = &Comment{token.NoPos, "//"}
   332  
   333  // MergePackageFiles creates a file AST by merging the ASTs of the
   334  // files belonging to a package. The mode flags control merging behavior.
   335  func MergePackageFiles(pkg *Package, mode MergeMode) *File {
   336  	// Count the number of package docs, comments and declarations across
   337  	// all package files. Also, compute sorted list of filenames, so that
   338  	// subsequent iterations can always iterate in the same order.
   339  	ndocs := 0
   340  	ncomments := 0
   341  	ndecls := 0
   342  	filenames := make([]string, len(pkg.Files))
   343  	i := 0
   344  	for filename, f := range pkg.Files {
   345  		filenames[i] = filename
   346  		i++
   347  		if f.Doc != nil {
   348  			ndocs += len(f.Doc.List) + 1 // +1 for separator
   349  		}
   350  		ncomments += len(f.Comments)
   351  		ndecls += len(f.Decls)
   352  	}
   353  	sort.Strings(filenames)
   354  
   355  	// Collect package comments from all package files into a single
   356  	// CommentGroup - the collected package documentation. In general
   357  	// there should be only one file with a package comment; but it's
   358  	// better to collect extra comments than drop them on the floor.
   359  	var doc *CommentGroup
   360  	var pos token.Pos
   361  	if ndocs > 0 {
   362  		list := make([]*Comment, ndocs-1) // -1: no separator before first group
   363  		i := 0
   364  		for _, filename := range filenames {
   365  			f := pkg.Files[filename]
   366  			if f.Doc != nil {
   367  				if i > 0 {
   368  					// not the first group - add separator
   369  					list[i] = separator
   370  					i++
   371  				}
   372  				for _, c := range f.Doc.List {
   373  					list[i] = c
   374  					i++
   375  				}
   376  				if f.Package > pos {
   377  					// Keep the maximum package clause position as
   378  					// position for the package clause of the merged
   379  					// files.
   380  					pos = f.Package
   381  				}
   382  			}
   383  		}
   384  		doc = &CommentGroup{list}
   385  	}
   386  
   387  	// Collect declarations from all package files.
   388  	var decls []Decl
   389  	if ndecls > 0 {
   390  		decls = make([]Decl, ndecls)
   391  		funcs := make(map[string]int) // map of func name -> decls index
   392  		i := 0                        // current index
   393  		n := 0                        // number of filtered entries
   394  		for _, filename := range filenames {
   395  			f := pkg.Files[filename]
   396  			for _, d := range f.Decls {
   397  				if mode&FilterFuncDuplicates != 0 {
   398  					// A language entity may be declared multiple
   399  					// times in different package files; only at
   400  					// build time declarations must be unique.
   401  					// For now, exclude multiple declarations of
   402  					// functions - keep the one with documentation.
   403  					//
   404  					// TODO(gri): Expand this filtering to other
   405  					//            entities (const, type, vars) if
   406  					//            multiple declarations are common.
   407  					if f, isFun := d.(*FuncDecl); isFun {
   408  						name := nameOf(f)
   409  						if j, exists := funcs[name]; exists {
   410  							// function declared already
   411  							if decls[j] != nil && decls[j].(*FuncDecl).Doc == nil {
   412  								// existing declaration has no documentation;
   413  								// ignore the existing declaration
   414  								decls[j] = nil
   415  							} else {
   416  								// ignore the new declaration
   417  								d = nil
   418  							}
   419  							n++ // filtered an entry
   420  						} else {
   421  							funcs[name] = i
   422  						}
   423  					}
   424  				}
   425  				decls[i] = d
   426  				i++
   427  			}
   428  		}
   429  
   430  		// Eliminate nil entries from the decls list if entries were
   431  		// filtered. We do this using a 2nd pass in order to not disturb
   432  		// the original declaration order in the source (otherwise, this
   433  		// would also invalidate the monotonically increasing position
   434  		// info within a single file).
   435  		if n > 0 {
   436  			i = 0
   437  			for _, d := range decls {
   438  				if d != nil {
   439  					decls[i] = d
   440  					i++
   441  				}
   442  			}
   443  			decls = decls[0:i]
   444  		}
   445  	}
   446  
   447  	// Collect import specs from all package files.
   448  	var imports []*ImportSpec
   449  	if mode&FilterImportDuplicates != 0 {
   450  		seen := make(map[string]bool)
   451  		for _, filename := range filenames {
   452  			f := pkg.Files[filename]
   453  			for _, imp := range f.Imports {
   454  				if path := imp.Path.Value; !seen[path] {
   455  					// TODO: consider handling cases where:
   456  					// - 2 imports exist with the same import path but
   457  					//   have different local names (one should probably
   458  					//   keep both of them)
   459  					// - 2 imports exist but only one has a comment
   460  					// - 2 imports exist and they both have (possibly
   461  					//   different) comments
   462  					imports = append(imports, imp)
   463  					seen[path] = true
   464  				}
   465  			}
   466  		}
   467  	} else {
   468  		// Iterate over filenames for deterministic order.
   469  		for _, filename := range filenames {
   470  			f := pkg.Files[filename]
   471  			imports = append(imports, f.Imports...)
   472  		}
   473  	}
   474  
   475  	// Collect comments from all package files.
   476  	var comments []*CommentGroup
   477  	if mode&FilterUnassociatedComments == 0 {
   478  		comments = make([]*CommentGroup, ncomments)
   479  		i := 0
   480  		for _, filename := range filenames {
   481  			f := pkg.Files[filename]
   482  			i += copy(comments[i:], f.Comments)
   483  		}
   484  	}
   485  
   486  	// TODO(gri) need to compute unresolved identifiers!
   487  	return &File{doc, pos, NewIdent(pkg.Name), decls, pkg.Scope, imports, nil, comments}
   488  }
   489  

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