Source file src/net/smtp/auth.go

     1  // Copyright 2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  package smtp
     6  
     7  import (
     8  	"crypto/hmac"
     9  	"crypto/md5"
    10  	"errors"
    11  	"fmt"
    12  )
    13  
    14  // Auth is implemented by an SMTP authentication mechanism.
    15  type Auth interface {
    16  	// Start begins an authentication with a server.
    17  	// It returns the name of the authentication protocol
    18  	// and optionally data to include in the initial AUTH message
    19  	// sent to the server.
    20  	// If it returns a non-nil error, the SMTP client aborts
    21  	// the authentication attempt and closes the connection.
    22  	Start(server *ServerInfo) (proto string, toServer []byte, err error)
    23  
    24  	// Next continues the authentication. The server has just sent
    25  	// the fromServer data. If more is true, the server expects a
    26  	// response, which Next should return as toServer; otherwise
    27  	// Next should return toServer == nil.
    28  	// If Next returns a non-nil error, the SMTP client aborts
    29  	// the authentication attempt and closes the connection.
    30  	Next(fromServer []byte, more bool) (toServer []byte, err error)
    31  }
    32  
    33  // ServerInfo records information about an SMTP server.
    34  type ServerInfo struct {
    35  	Name string   // SMTP server name
    36  	TLS  bool     // using TLS, with valid certificate for Name
    37  	Auth []string // advertised authentication mechanisms
    38  }
    39  
    40  type plainAuth struct {
    41  	identity, username, password string
    42  	host                         string
    43  }
    44  
    45  // PlainAuth returns an Auth that implements the PLAIN authentication
    46  // mechanism as defined in RFC 4616. The returned Auth uses the given
    47  // username and password to authenticate to host and act as identity.
    48  // Usually identity should be the empty string, to act as username.
    49  //
    50  // PlainAuth will only send the credentials if the connection is using TLS
    51  // or is connected to localhost. Otherwise authentication will fail with an
    52  // error, without sending the credentials.
    53  func PlainAuth(identity, username, password, host string) Auth {
    54  	return &plainAuth{identity, username, password, host}
    55  }
    56  
    57  func isLocalhost(name string) bool {
    58  	return name == "localhost" || name == "127.0.0.1" || name == "::1"
    59  }
    60  
    61  func (a *plainAuth) Start(server *ServerInfo) (string, []byte, error) {
    62  	// Must have TLS, or else localhost server.
    63  	// Note: If TLS is not true, then we can't trust ANYTHING in ServerInfo.
    64  	// In particular, it doesn't matter if the server advertises PLAIN auth.
    65  	// That might just be the attacker saying
    66  	// "it's ok, you can trust me with your password."
    67  	if !server.TLS && !isLocalhost(server.Name) {
    68  		return "", nil, errors.New("unencrypted connection")
    69  	}
    70  	if server.Name != a.host {
    71  		return "", nil, errors.New("wrong host name")
    72  	}
    73  	resp := []byte(a.identity + "\x00" + a.username + "\x00" + a.password)
    74  	return "PLAIN", resp, nil
    75  }
    76  
    77  func (a *plainAuth) Next(fromServer []byte, more bool) ([]byte, error) {
    78  	if more {
    79  		// We've already sent everything.
    80  		return nil, errors.New("unexpected server challenge")
    81  	}
    82  	return nil, nil
    83  }
    84  
    85  type cramMD5Auth struct {
    86  	username, secret string
    87  }
    88  
    89  // CRAMMD5Auth returns an Auth that implements the CRAM-MD5 authentication
    90  // mechanism as defined in RFC 2195.
    91  // The returned Auth uses the given username and secret to authenticate
    92  // to the server using the challenge-response mechanism.
    93  func CRAMMD5Auth(username, secret string) Auth {
    94  	return &cramMD5Auth{username, secret}
    95  }
    96  
    97  func (a *cramMD5Auth) Start(server *ServerInfo) (string, []byte, error) {
    98  	return "CRAM-MD5", nil, nil
    99  }
   100  
   101  func (a *cramMD5Auth) Next(fromServer []byte, more bool) ([]byte, error) {
   102  	if more {
   103  		d := hmac.New(md5.New, []byte(a.secret))
   104  		d.Write(fromServer)
   105  		s := make([]byte, 0, d.Size())
   106  		return fmt.Appendf(nil, "%s %x", a.username, d.Sum(s)), nil
   107  	}
   108  	return nil, nil
   109  }
   110  

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